The main objective of the study was to evaluate the role that Farmer Field Schools can play in helping farming communities adapt to Climate Change in Kiboga District for purposes of providing information to government and donor agencies to further develop climate change adaptation approaches suitable for the local farmers. The specific objectives were to assess the effects of Climate Change and Variability on the livelihoods of farmers in Kiboga district; the challenges faced by farmers when adapting to Climate Change; and the role of Farmer Field Schools in helping farmers in Kiboga district deal with Climate Change impacts. Random sampling was used in areas with FFS members and non-FFS members to get the difference between FFS members and non-members in terms of their adaptability to the impacts of Climate Change. Both interviews using questionnaires and focus group discussions were used to obtain the data.
Crop and livestock farming are the major livelihood sources of the farmers in the district and are the most affected by the climate change hazards experienced. The major effects of climate change impacts on livelihood activities of the farmers are decrease in income, decrease in food availability and increased disease incidences for human; crop failure, reduced crop yields; reduction in animal yields, loss of animals and loss of water and pasture. Major challenges faced by farmers when dealing with the various climate change impacts are lack of money to buy the necessary equipment and inputs, long distances travelled to collect water, lack of skilled labor to carry out the various adapation techniques, limited time to make preparations, low prices from selling animals, low yields at harvest and loss of planting materials in storage. FFS prove to be effective in helping farmers adapt to climate change since FFS members adopt most of their adaptation responses from their respective Farmer Field Schools. It is therefore recommended to make climate change adaptation a major topic in FFS training content to equip farmers with the necessary adaptation techniques. Farmers should also be advised to shift to off-farm livelihood sources such as tailoring, trading and crafts making. Lastly, climate change adaptation approaches should be increasingly incorporated into development strategies of government and donors to further develop improved agricultural technologies and make them locally available to the farmers.